Integration of ICT
Much is expected from integration of ICT in teaching practice. Educators from around the world highly value the potential of ICT to change teaching and learning in a more constructivist, student-centered fashion. In Vietnam, nowadays ICT is conceptualized as a tool that can effectively support the innovation of teaching, learning and education management, and contribute to improve efficiency and quality of education (MOET, directive 55, 2008). However, a gap is perceived between rhetoric in policy guidelines and practice in higher education in Vietnam. In reality, the use of ICT in teaching practice remains very limited: Vietnamese teacher educators use ICT merely as a tool which makes teaching more easy, as a replacement of traditional, more teacher centered teaching practice (VVOB Baseline study 2008). Critical factors on the teacher level, influencing the uptake of ICT, are access, skills and confidence, as well as values towards ICT and perceptions on student learning. In the Teacher Training Component - ICT, we organize a series of input moments, aimed at these different elements of integrating ICT. Gradually the work on innovative approaches and methodologies is also introduced in in-service teacher training.